What are knee high compression socks?
Knee high compression socks are a type of specialized sock designed to help promote blood circulation and cover the area from your foot and leg all the way up to the knee. They provide graduated compression, meaning the compression is higher (tighter) at the foot and ankle and lower (looser) as it moves up the calf and lower leg.
WHY SHOULD I WEAR COMPRESSION SOCKS AND How do THEY work?
To understand how compression socks work, it’s important to have a basic understanding of how blood flows through the body. The heart pumps oxygen containing blood to our extremities and working muscles through arteries. Once the cells use the oxygen and other nutrients from the blood, the deoxygenated blood, along with lactic acid and other waste products enter the veins and return to the heart. Once the blood gets back to the heart, it’s oxygenated from the lungs and the process is repeated.
By directing moderate pressure on your legs, compression socks can help to reduce the risk of blood clots. They help fight the effects of gravity and assist the body in venous return (deoxygenated blood flowing back up to the heart). Blood in your veins work against gravity to flow back to the heart. Anything that impedes that flow results in blood pooling in the veins of the lower legs or feet, leading to leg swelling, achiness and leg fatigue. They can also improve the flow of the fluid that bathes the cells (lymph) in the legs. Improving the flow of lymph can help reduce tissue swelling. Compression socks are considered to be highly-effective, and are popular for their non-invasive approach for treating circulatory issues.
Who should wear compression socks?
Athletes - Athletic compression socks are becoming more and more popular as athletes realize the performance and restorative powers of graduated compression. They are used by athletes to recover from hard workouts and races as quickly as possible. These snug-fitting, knee-high socks are meant to assist in blood circulation, reduce blood lactate concentration during running and control the amount of muscle oscillation that results from pounding during running — or any sport. There’s also a psychological benefit to wearing compression gear because you “feel” like you’re doing something to actively help your recovery and boost your performance. Studies show that wearing compression during exercise, increases blood and oxygen flow to help you play harder and recover faster. Compression socks also help to relieve pain and prevent injury like shin splints and plantar fasciitis.
Travelers - Wearing compression socks during long flights will help your legs with proper blood circulation. While movement is constrained during long flights, your compression socks will work for you. Less movement during travel can lead to heavy legs, swollen feet/ankles and other leg pains. Sitting for a long time is not only uncomfortable; it can also affect your circulatory system. Immobility can even contribute to a potentially life-threatening condition known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT), dangerous blood clots in the legs.
Pregnancy/Maternity – Wearing compression socks during long flights will help your legs with proper blood circulation. While movement is constrained during long flights, your compression socks will work for you. Less movement during travel can lead to heavy legs, swollen feet/ankles and other leg pains. Sitting for a long time is not only uncomfortable; it can also affect your circulatory system. Immobility can even contribute to a potentially life-threatening condition known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT), dangerous blood clots in the legs.
Recovery - Since one of the side-effects of surgery can be edema (swelling), wearing the right compression socks post-surgery can make a noticeable difference in how comfortable you feel and how fast you recover. Compression socks help your body by maintaining proper venous blood flow, thus helping you in the recovery process. Hospitals use compression garments to decrease the risk of blood clots, but those garments have a limited life span. Many people try and use those garments after hospitalization but they are oftentimes inadequate, unattractive, and not intended for multipurpose compression needs.
Mobile/Immobile - Many professions involve prolonged periods of standing or sitting. Excessive sitting impacts our body’s metabolic system: Today, our bodies are breaking down from obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, depression and the cascade of health ills and everyday malaise that come from what scientists have named ‘sitting disease.’ The obvious remedy to sitting disease is standing. Standing is like walking: It increases energy, burns extra calories, tones muscles, improves posture, increases blood flow and ramps up metabolism. Standing all day may not be healthy or practical—people naturally want to sit at times to rest or when intensely concentrating. If you make wearing compression socks part of your daily uniform, you can feel more energized and you’ll get a jump start on taking care of your leg health before problems develop.
People with diabetes, varicose veins, venous leg ulcers, or leg swelling (edema), circulatory problems, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) Compression socks help to increase circulation by squeezing the veins which reduces their diameter. Blood is then forced to flow faster. Compression socks are generally graduated which means they have a range of compression over the length of the stocking or sock. They are tightest around the ankle and have decreasing compression strength up the leg. This guides blood upwards and helps to increase the flow of blood towards the heart.
Diabetics: Compression socks are worn to improve circulation in patients with various medical issues, such as diabetes and varicose veins or those at risk of developing blood clots. As a non-invasive treatment method, compression therapy serves as a tool for maintaining the right amount of pressure in your feet and legs. Anyone diagnosed with diabetes is particularly prone to developing venous insufficiency, peripheral edema (swelling), and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Wearing graduated compression socks that provide more pressure at the foot and less pressure on the calves can help maintain proper circulation to the lower extremities. This can prevent swelling and improve any nerve sensitivities.
Are there people who shouldn’t wear compression socks?
Typically, the socks are safe with few or no complications. Some groups of people should avoid them, including those with peripheral neuropathy or any other condition that impacts skin sensation; a history of a peripheral arterial bypass grafting; peripheral artery disease; skin infection; dermatitis with oozing or fragile skin; massive leg swelling; or pulmonary edema from congestive heart failure. Generally speaking, if you have any medical condition, talk with your healthcare professional before using compression socks to see if you’re a good candidate for them.
I don't have any symptoms of an underlying circulatory condition. Can I still benefit from wearing compression socks?
Absolutely. Many people wear compression socks to keep their legs feeling energized, and many medical professionals recommend using them as a preventative measure for patients who travel frequently or spend long hours sitting or standing. They can also be worn during pregnancy to prevent spider veins and varicose veins while simultaneously providing relief from achy, swollen legs, ankles, and feet. Athletes and runners can also benefit from the added support and improved circulation.
How long should the socks be worn?
There is no one answer for this. It depends on the reasons for wearing them. If it’s because of issues related to the veins, the stockings can be worn all day and taken off when you go to bed or when you’re at home relaxing with your legs elevated. If you’re wearing them post-surgery, typically it’s recommended they be worn if you’ll be standing or sitting for long periods. Bottom line: You can experiment to see what’s most comfortable and works best for you.
WHERE CAN I BUY COMPRESSION SOCKS?
You can purchase BioSoul compression socks by clicking on the product tab at the top of the page or you can find us on Amazon by visiting www.tinyurl.com/yaruz48e.
Reflector feature (Performance socks only):
A safety reflector aids visibility of a person or vehicle visible on the road, as it reflects light from headlights of vehicles.
Reflectors are the only proven method of making pedestrians visible at distances sufficient for the motorist to slow down or stop. Although it's no guarantee of safety, wearing reflective gear is top priority when outside before sunrise or after dusk. Together, we can help reduce accidents by being proactive and putting safety first.
Some individuals may be sensitive to Nylon, Spandex or Latex blend. Discontinue use if a rash develops.