What are knee high compression socks?
Knee high compression socks are a type of specialized sock designed to help promote blood circulation and cover the area from your foot and leg all the way up to the knee. They provide graduated compression, meaning the compression is higher (tighter) at the foot and ankle and lower (looser) as it moves up the calf and lower leg.
How do compression socks work?
To understand how compression socks work, it’s important to have a basic understanding of how blood flows through the body. The heart pumps oxygen containing blood to our extremities and working muscles through arteries. Once the cells use the oxygen and other nutrients from the blood, the deoxygenated blood, along with lactic acid and other waste products enter the veins and return to the heart. Once the blood gets back to the heart, it’s oxygenated from the lungs and the process is repeated.
By directing moderate pressure on your legs, compression socks can help to reduce the risk of blood clots. They help fight the effects of gravity and assist the body in venous return (deoxygenated blood flowing back up to the heart). Blood in your veins work against gravity to flow back to the heart. Anything that impedes that flow results in blood pooling in the veins of the lower legs or feet, leading to leg swelling, achiness and leg fatigue. They can also improve the flow of the fluid that bathes the cells (lymph) in the legs. Improving the flow of lymph can help reduce tissue swelling. Compression socks are considered to be highly-effective, and are popular for their non-invasive approach for treating circulatory issues.
Who should wear compression socks?
Athletes - Baseball, Basketball, Climbing, Cricket, Crossfit, Cycling, Football , Golf, Hockey, Ice Skating, Lacrosse, Motorsport, Rowing, Rugby, Running, Skiing, Snowboarding, Soccer, Softball , Tennis, Track and Field, Volleyball
Travelers - by train, plane, automobile, motorcycle
Pregnancy/Maternity – pre/post
Recovery - after injury or surgery
Mobile/Immobile - people that stand or sit all day
People with diabetes, varicose veins, venous leg ulcers, or leg swelling (edema), circulatory problems, deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Are there people who shouldn’t wear compression socks?
Typically, the socks are safe with few or no complications. Some groups of people should avoid them, including those with peripheral neuropathy or any other condition that impacts skin sensation; a history of a peripheral arterial bypass grafting; peripheral artery disease; skin infection; dermatitis with oozing or fragile skin; massive leg swelling; or pulmonary edema from congestive heart failure. Generally speaking, if you have any medical condition, talk with your healthcare professional before using compression socks to see if you’re a good candidate for them.
I don't have any symptoms of an underlying circulatory condition. Can I still benefit from wearing compression socks?
Absolutely. Many people wear compression socks to keep their legs feeling energized, and many medical professionals recommend using them as a preventative measure for patients who travel frequently or spend long hours sitting or standing. They can also be worn during pregnancy to prevent spider veins and varicose veins while simultaneously providing relief from achy, swollen legs, ankles, and feet. Athletes and runners can also benefit from the added support and improved circulation.
How long should the socks be worn?
There is no one answer for this. It depends on the reasons for wearing them. If it’s because of issues related to the veins, the stockings can be worn all day and taken off when you go to bed or when you’re at home relaxing with your legs elevated. If you’re wearing them post-surgery, typically it’s recommended they be worn if you’ll be standing or sitting for long periods. Bottom line: You can experiment to see what’s most comfortable and works best for you.
Reflectorization feature (Performance socks only):
A safety reflector aids visibility of a person or vehicle visible on the road, as it reflects light from headlights of vehicles.
Reflectors are the only proven method of making pedestrians visible at distances sufficient for the motorist to slow down or stop. Although it's no guarantee of safety, wearing reflective gear is top priority when outside before sunrise or after dusk. Together, we can help reduce accidents by being proactive and putting safety first.
Some individuals may be sensitive to Nylon, Spandex or Latex blend. Discontinue use if a rash develops.